Visitors to The Louvre, Paris can see many of Leonardo da Vinci's most famous works, including the Mona Lisa and Virgin of the Rocks. Leonardo painted the latter canvas (pictured) in 1483 for the Chapel of the Immacolata in the Church of San Francesco Grande in Milan. Scholars consider that the two canvases on this same subject - one in the Louvre and the other in London's National Gallery - are two versions of the same painting.
The Paris Virgin of the Rocks, painted entirely by Leonardo, first adorned the altar in San Francesco Grande. Leonardo may have given it to King Louis XII of France, in appreciation for settling a dispute over payment with those who commissioned the work. The later painting - now in London - replaced the original one in the chapel.